Category:Mechanical Transference Skills
Transference is the act of transferring the optical appearance of a scene onto a sheet of paper. There are some advanced aspects of transference that are arcane and difficult. However, learning the basics of transference is a straightforward, mechanical process.
The transference skills outlined in the following pages are fundamental to the craft of observational drawing. They should be taught at the start of every beginner’s drawing course. Several of the exercises in this book are specifically designed to serve this function.
The first thing that should be established is the placement of the easel relative to the subject. This will impact upon the ease with which the subject can be drawn. In the course of the drawing, the scale of that drawing will need to be decided. This refers to the size of the drawing relative to the size of the subject.
A straight line is defined with reference to its two end points. This is done by establishing the vertical or horizontal correspondence of these points to other points in the drawing (see relative point location).
The way that a pencil is held (see pencil grip) also affects the outcome of a drawing.
Though most mechanical transference skills involve no more than the trained eye and a pencil, some devices may also be used, such as a viewfinder. The grid method may also be employed to transfer a drawing from one sheet of paper to another. This may also involve scaling it up or down (see scaling).